Definitions of Dental Care Services
Basic definitions of our services are provided below; additional information can be obtained at the Ontario Dental Association (ODA) (http://www.oda.on.ca/) or in the provided links.
For questions regarding specific individual needs, please contact Dr. Fadavi at Dental Care For You.
Same Day Emergency Services
Dental emergencies include toothache, infection, allergy, a fractured tooth, loose crown or bridge, broken denture, or damage to soft or hard tissue in the mouth. Any of these situations may worsen with time, so if you experience one of these problems, it is important to contact a dentist immediately. Dental Care For You offers same day emergency services.
- Regular and Surgical Extractions
Extractions involve removing teeth from the mouth. There are several circumstances that may require extraction; for example, some teeth are non-restorable (i.e. cannot be fixed by filling) and require removal. Certain orthodontic procedures, such as the removal of wisdom teeth, may be necessary due to lack of space in the jaw or if the position of the teeth makes it difficult to clean them properly with regular home hygiene.
In case of severe infection, medication may be prescribed to reduce pain and inflammation, which then enables the dentist to treat the infected area.
- Root Canal Therapy
The most common reason for root canal treatment is gross decay or significant infection. Decay and bacteria affect the nerve; in order to save the tooth, the damaged pulp and nerve are removed. This procedure allows the tooth to continue to function absent the damaged nerve.
Dental Care For You is proud to accommodate and provide gentle oral care for seniors. Our staff is experienced in working with older patients and their particular needs, allowing us to provide the best quality patient care.
The mouth acts as a mirror of overall health. Maintaining proper oral health means taking care of not just the teeth but also the gums, ligaments, hard and soft palate, tongue, lips, salivary glands, jaws and chewing muscles. Oral health also refers to the health of the branches of the nervous, immune and vascular systems that protect the oral tissues (National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIH) at www.nidcr.nih.gov).
Even with proper brushing and flossing, some areas of the mouth are less accessible, making them difficult to clean properly. A professional oral health care provider has the tools and training to support overall mouth health. Cleaning intervals depend on how quickly tarter and calculus build up on the teeth and how high one’s particular risk of caries is.
- Oral Cancer Screening
Oral cancer can be easily treated when cancer (abnormal tissues) is found in its early stages of growth. Oral cancer may develop in lips, cheeks, tongue, gums, the small area behind the wisdom teeth, and oropharynx like tonsils and some parts of the throat. A routine check-up by a dentist can increase the chance of early detection of any abnormal tissue (National Cancer Institute at www.cancer.gov).
- Sport Guards
Teeth and jaw fractures frequently result from neglecting to use a sport guard in contact sports such as hockey. Worn over teeth to protect the mouth from multidirectional forces, customized sport guards or mouth guards are recommended as they provide comfortable protection without hurting the mouth or preventing normal breathing.
Common dental diseases are prevalent in children; for example, dental caries (cavities) present five times more frequently than asthma and seven times more frequently than hay fever. Dental caries cause more than 51 million lost school hours each year (dentalcareforchildren.ca). The attitudes children foster about oral hygiene and dental visits will affect their oral health for a lifetime. Our friendly team at Dental Care For You work patiently with children to ensure they have a positive and enjoyable experience at the dentist.
Decay can cause a tooth to be compromised in colour or structure. In such cases, we fill the tooth and restore its whiteness and overall health.
- Cosmetic Dentistry and Smile Make-Overs
A beautiful healthy smile is the ultimate confidence booster. Cosmetic dentistry improves the healthy appearance of teeth with crowns, veneers, componeers, implants, bridges and precision attachments for partial dentures. Orthodontic treatments, snap on smiles, and other treatments restore the teeth’s natural appearance.
Over time, food, drink or pollutants can cause teeth to darken or yellow. Administered according to Food and Drug Administration (FDA) standards, whitening brings back the natural tooth surface colour, while bleaching whitens the tooth beyond its natural colour. There are several types of bleaching techniques and products available depending on a patient’s particular needs.
A chipped tooth or teeth that are discoloured or have large gaps may benefit from veneers. Veneers are custom-made thin shells of composite or porcelain that are placed over the teeth, giving an overall natural and healthy smile.
- Crowns and Bridges
A crown is used to improve the shape, alignment or overall appearance of a damaged tooth. Porcelain or ceramic crowns are used to match the colour of natural teeth. A crown may be recommended for several reasons such as to protect a weak tooth from fracturing or to cover an awkwardly shaped tooth. Unlike dentures, a crown must be installed by a dentist.
Bridges are used to replace one or more missing teeth. When a tooth is missing, the gap could result in an imbalance in the mouth leading to gum disease (colgate.com).
- Teeth Jewelry
Jewelry designed specifically for teeth can be attached to the visible side of the tooth. As it is temporary, teeth jewelry can be applied and removed without any harm to the enamel or overall tooth health.
Every effort is taken to save a tooth; however, in instances of extensive decay, bone loss or severe periodontal disease, the tooth may require extraction. Teeth also may need to be extracted when there is not enough space for them to completely erupt, as is often the case with wisdom teeth, or when keeping a tooth could cause harm to adjacent teeth.
Replacing Missing Teeth
After an extraction, the tooth must be replaced to maintain proper function of the mouth and the aesthetics of the smile. In order to avoid complications such as adjacent teeth shifting into the space, which could cause food-impaction and periodontal disease, teeth should be replaced directly following an extraction with implants, bridges or dentures.
Permanent and very comfortable to wear, implants are by far the best option for replacing one or more missing teeth. Most commonly a denture is placed over the implants, which provides more comfort and is long-lasting.
Bridges are used to replace one or more missing teeth. A fake tooth is attached to the adjacent natural teeth, which resolves the gap.
A denture is a complement of teeth. Dentures are a partial or complete replacement of artificial teeth for the upper jaw, lower jaw or both. Dentures are built out of materials that closely resemble natural gum tissue and teeth, giving them an authentic appearance and feel (www.knowyourteeth.com).
Orthodontic treatment can improve your bite and fix how your teeth fit to create a healthy, beautiful smile. Orthodontic treatment can be beneficial to adjust teeth irregularity and jaw size. Braces, Invisalign or other removable appliances are among the many commonly employed orthodontic treatments available. Dr. Fadavi has taken extensive training in orthodontics and can provide a high level of orthodontic care to patients of all ages. Ask her for a free orthodontic evaluation.
- Braces (metal or clear)
Invisalign refers to an orthodontic technology in which clear light and transparent aligners are placed over teeth to straighten them. The transparency of aligners may be advantageous to some patients over traditional metallic dental braces. Aligners can also be removed easily by patients for eating or cleaning their teeth.
Compared to Invisalign, traditional braces can help a wider variety of patients improve their bites and smiles. Dr. Fadavi offers advanced, computer customized braces that fit your anatomy so that your treatment is faster and you have better retention. You can choose braces with metal or ceramic (clear) material. Learn more about when is a good time to start orthodontics. (www.individualortho.com)
TMJ, Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is caused by a blocked or obstructed airway, often due to the tongue falling back during sleep. Snoring or waking up abruptly gasping for air are signs of sleep apnea. Such situations are dangerous as the brain and other organs are being deprived of oxygen. In severe cases, sleep apnea can cause heart attack or stroke. Treatments include wearing a mouth guard to keep the airway clear and prevent snoring. Pain from TMJ due to bruxism or clenching the teeth can also be reduced by wearing a night guard.
- Night guards
Grinding or clenching teeth during the day or while sleeping damages the teeth. Custom-made night guards help protect the teeth.
For some patients, sedation during a dental visit can be beneficial as it relaxes the patent and allows the dentist to perform cleaning or treatments. Nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas, is used in many cases for sedation though there are other sedatives available to provide moderate to deep sedation.